Types of Cancer

cancer-info-types-of-cancer-imgThere are more than 200 types of cancer. These cancers fall under the main groups below:

 

1. Carcinomas (85% of cancers)

These cancers develop in the tissue that lines our organs, for example the bowel. Carcinomas are the most common type of cancer. Adenocarcinomas, like breast cancer, develop in the tissue that lines our glands.

 

2. Leukaemias and lymphomas (7% of cancers)

These cancers start in the tissue from which white blood cells (infection fighting cells) originate.

 

3. Sarcomas (1% of cancers)

These cancers develop in bone and muscle tissues. They are quite rare.

 

Other rare cancers, such as brain cancer, make up the remaining 7%.

 

Most common cancers

Currently breast, lungprostate and bowel cancers together account for over half of all new cases in Northern Ireland. Breast is the most commonly diagnosed cancer here, closely followed by  lung, bowel and prostate cancer.

Cancer is more likely to develop in parts of the body where there is a higher level of cell division – the more often a cell divides, the more chance there is of a mutation eventually happening. The skin, for instance, is constantly renewing itself explaining why we see larger numbers of skin cancer each year compared to slower regenerating parts of the body.

  • Click here to see NI Cancer Registry Statistics
    Cancer type Number of cases (2012) Number of deaths (2012)
    Males Females Total Males Females Total
    Bladder  154  67  221  102  30  132
    Brain (CNS)  80  52  132  65  46  111
    Breast  1437  1437  307  307
    Cervix  –  82  82  –  23  23
    Childhood cancers  22  17  39  6
    Colon (Bowel)  396  385  781  123  134  257
    Colorectal (Bowel)  624  516  1140  225  221  446
    Corpus Uteri (Womb)  244  244  57  57
    Hodgkins Lymphoma  62  11
    Kidney  187  114  301  52  44  96
    Leukaemia  114  78  192  65  48  113
    Lip, oral cavity, pharynx  133  73  206  58  31  89
    Liver and bile ducts  81  49  130  87  76  163
    Malignant melanoma skin cancer  184  212  396  29  18  47
    Non-hodgkins lymphoma  183  144  327  60 53  113
    Non-melanoma skin cancer  2191  1607  3798  24
    Oesophagus  156  70  226  163  57  220
    Ovary  224  224  128  128
    Pancreas  138  111  249  131  118  249
    Prostate  1165  1165  287  287
    Rectum/Anus  228  131  359  102  87  189
    Stomach  136  78  214  85  50  135
    Testis  63  63  3*  3*
    Trachea, bronchus, lung  653  698  1352  557  505  1062

Find out more about the signs and symptoms of the most common cancers and how to reduce your risk in this section:

 

To find out more information on other cancers visit the World Cancer Research fund.

 

If you have a question about cancer call our free and confidential support Nurseline on 0800 783 3339 to speak with a specialised nurse (Monday-Friday 9am – 1pm). You can also email us on  nurseline@cancerfocusni.org.